赵敏娟,刘霁瑶.水资源多目标协同配置:全价值基础上的框架研究[J].中国环境管理,2018,10(5):8-14
水资源多目标协同配置:全价值基础上的框架研究
Multi-Objective Collaborative Allocation of Water Resources: A Framework Study Based on Full Value
  
DOI:10.16868/j.cnki.1674-6252.2018.05.008
中文关键词:  水资源配置  多目标协同  全价值  框架
英文关键词:water allocation  multi-objective decision  full value  framework
基金项目:国家社科基金重大项目"生态文明建设背景下自然资源治理体系构建:全价值评估与多中心途径"(15ZDA052)。
作者单位E-mail
赵敏娟 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院, 陕西杨凌 712100
陕西农村经济与社会发展协同创新研究中心, 陕西杨凌 712100 
minjuan.zhao@nwsuaf.edu.cn 
刘霁瑶 西北农林科技大学经济管理学院, 陕西杨凌 712100
陕西农村经济与社会发展协同创新研究中心, 陕西杨凌 712100 
 
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中文摘要:
      从资源的视角而言,水资源具有的社会、经济、生态属性中,社会属性和生态属性所提供的生态功能和服务多是外部性和非市场的,其价值在纯粹的市场驱动下难以充分实现。从资源管理视角而言,水资源多目标协同配置的实质是水资源多重属性功能和服务的均衡。因此,将具有外部性的社会、生态功能和服务与具有经济价值的功能和服务同时纳入配置框架,是实现多目标协同配置实践的关键问题。本文在回顾水资源配置和水资源非市场价值评估的相关研究的基础上,围绕我国现行水资源配置存在的主要问题,通过水资源的全价值(市场价值和非市场价值)将其多属性功能和公众意愿纳入水资源多目标协同配置中,从水资源管理信息系统、全价值评估和配置管理的绩效评价三个方面构建了水资源配置的多目标协同框架,最后提出相关的保障政策建议。
英文摘要:
      From the perspective of resources, among the social, economic and ecological attributes of water resources, the ecological functions and services provided by social attributes and ecological attributes are mostly external and non-market, and the value is difficult to be fully realized under pure market. From the perspective of resource management, the essence of multi-objective collaborative allocation of water resources is the balance of multiple attribute functions and services. Therefore, the integration of social, ecological functions and services with externalities and functions and services with economical value into the allocation framework is a key issue in achieving multi-objective collaborative allocation practices. Based on the review of water resources allocation and water resources non-market value evaluation research, this paper focuses on the main problems of current water resources allocation in China, used full value (market value and non-market value) of water resource to introduce the multi-functional attributes and the publics' willingness into the multi-objective collaborative allocation of water resource, and constructed general framework incorporating with water resources management information system, full value evaluation and performance evaluation of allocation management. At last, the related support policy recommendations were proposed.
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